- Exhaustion; irritability;
- Frail, rapid pulse;
- Deep breathing;
- Cold, moist skin; and
- Extreme perspiration.
- Instruct the casualty to lay down in a cool, sheltered area or a well-ventilated area. Raise the casualty’s feet.
- Rub the legs toward the heart.
- Only if the casualty is conscious, offer cool water or a sports drink every 15 minutes until the casualty recovers.
- Use cautiousness when letting the casualty sit up, even if they are feeling better.
- Treat for 1st or 2nd degree burns.
- Treat for medical shock if required.
- Cool the casualty as quickly as possible by placing cool, moist cloths or soaking in cool water.
- Offer the casualty liquids to drink.
- Get expert medical assistance immediately for serious cases.
SUNSTROKE (Heat Stroke)
- Very high body temperature;
- Hot, sore, dehydrated skin;
- Absence of sweat;
- Fast pulse; and
- Seizures; unconsciousness.
Sunstroke is a severe medical emergency.
- Get expert medical assistance straightaway.
- Lower body temperature rapidly by placing casualty in a moderately filled container of cool water. Quickly sponge the casualty’s body until their temperature is condensed; then pat dry. If a container is not obtainable, wrap the casualty in cold, damp sheets in a well-ventilated area until their body temperature deceases.
- DO NOT offer stimulating drinks, such as soda, tea, or coffee.