How To Treat Heat Exhaustion And Sunstroke

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  • Exhaustion; irritability;
  • Headache;
  • Weakness;
  • Frail, rapid pulse;
  • Deep breathing;
  • Cold, moist skin; and
  • Extreme perspiration.


Sun Exhaustion
Sun Exhaustion
  1. Instruct the casualty to lay down in a cool, sheltered area or a well-ventilated area. Raise the casualty’s feet.
  2. Rub the legs toward the heart.
  3. Only if the casualty is conscious, offer cool water or a sports drink every 15 minutes until the casualty recovers.
  4. Use cautiousness when letting the casualty sit up, even if they are feeling better.


  1. Treat for 1st or 2nd degree burns.
  2. Treat for medical shock if required.
  3. Cool the casualty as quickly as possible by placing cool, moist cloths or soaking in cool water.
  4. Offer the casualty liquids to drink.
  5. Get expert medical assistance immediately for serious cases.

SUNSTROKE (Heat Stroke)


  • Very high body temperature;
  • Hot, sore, dehydrated skin;
  • Absence of sweat;
  • Fast pulse; and
  • Seizures; unconsciousness.


Sunstroke is a severe medical emergency.


  1. Get expert medical assistance straightaway.
  2. Lower body temperature rapidly by placing casualty in a moderately filled container of cool water. Quickly sponge the casualty’s body until their temperature is condensed; then pat dry. If a container is not obtainable, wrap the casualty in cold, damp sheets in a well-ventilated area until their body temperature deceases.
  3. DO NOT offer stimulating drinks, such as soda, tea, or coffee.

Related Video On Sun Related Injuries

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