Category Archives: First Aid & CPR

Why You Should Undergo Emergency First Aid Training for Hypothermia

All medical professionals agree that undergoing emergency first aid training is one of the best ways to prevent hypothermia especially in cases wherein the victim cannot be brought to a capable healthcare facility immediately due to extreme weather conditions. However, some people choose to not sign up for this training because they think that the condition is not that common or severe. Here are some of the facts about hypothermia which highlight the importance of undergoing emergency first aid training.

How Lethal Is Hypothermia?

Even though it is not known as one of the most lethal and prevalent medical condition in the planet, hypothermia is still responsible for hundreds of deaths each year in the United States alone. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hypothermia is responsible for ending the lives of almost 17,000 people from 1991 to 2011. This means that hypothermia can be deadly when left untreated or when residents are unaware of the precautionary measures that can help prevent and treat this condition such as administering emergency first aid procedures when necessary.

Who is at Risk for Hypothermia?


During the second week of January 2014, it was reported by numerous news outlets that all 50 states in the US may experience extreme cold temperatures that can be as low as 21 degrees Fahrenheit due to the polar vortex. This puts all of its 313 million residents at risk for hypothermia. Aside from the US, Canada is also expected to experience extremely low temperatures due to the same cause. European residents are also at risk for Hypothermia, especially those who live in Finland, Iceland and Estonia.

How is Hypothermia Treated through First Aid?

Insulation is both a problem and a solution in hypothermia. Through first aid training, students can learn how to use insulation to save lives. Aside from making the victim lie on a warm surface, students would also be instructed to ensure that the victim does not come in contact with anything that is wet. They will also be taught how to properly administer warm and dry compress which can facilitate blood circulation and regulate body temperature. They will also be taught how to use several medical equipments that can raise the body temperature of the victim such as warm intravenous or IV fluids and cavity lavage. Most importantly, emergency first aid training will teach students how to remain calm during these situations.

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Chalazion: Signs and Symptoms, First Aid Treatment, and Prevention


A chalazion is a fairly common eyelid condition. It is a chronic inflammation in the glands of the eyelids. It is when a small cyst forms in the upper or lower eyelid, though it is more common in the upper eyelid. Under the inner surface of the eyelids, tiny glands are present that produce an oily fluid, called sebum, which lubricates the eyes. A chalazion occurs when one of these glands become clogged, disabling the fluid from escaping, therefore creating a cyst. Specifically, when the meibomian gland opening is blocked with oil, a chalazion occurs. Chalazion is also called meibomian cyst or tarsal cyst.

Chalazion is different from a sty. The latter pertains to a small collection of pus or abscess that typically appears at the base of an eyelash or under or inside the eyelid.A chalazion is usually painless and not infected by bacteria, whereas a sty may be painful and typically infected by a Staphylococcus bacterium. Moreover, a chalazion may result from a sty.

Signs and Symptoms of Chalazion

A chalazion is generally evident. However, its appearance is often confused with those of a sty. The following symptoms are the commonly associated accompanying symptoms of chalazion:

  • Small, mildly painful or painless cyst that usually develops on the side of the eyelid
  • Inflammation within the gland and the eyelid
  • Warm and tender
  • Does not affect the sight
  • If infected, swollen and painful
  • May sometimes develop after a sty

First Aid Treatment for Chalazion

A chalazion will typically disappear within a month after occurring even without medical treatment. However, first aid home treatment may promote drainage of the fluid and healing. This can also help decrease consciousness from the cysts near the eye. The following hints should not be used for medical advice or substituted for medical treatment:

  • Place warm compresses over the eyelid for 10-15 minutes. Do this at least four times a day to soften the hardened oils that blocked the duct and promote fluid drainage. Do not use compresses hotter than the hand can handle.
  • Lightly massage the area a few times a day, preferably after applying warm compress.
  • Do not attempt to pop or squeeze the chalazion.
  • Avoid putting eye makeups to avoid infection.
  • If the chalazion continually grows in size, surgery may be required to remove the chalazion.

How to Prevent a Chalazion

The following hints do not guarantee complete prevention of chalazion but may reduce chances of developing a chalazion.

  • Clean the eyelid twice a day to remove grease that may contribute to formation of cysts.
  • Apply warm compresses to the eyelids for five minutes before bedtime to avoid clogging of glands.
  • Avoid touching the eyes and surrounding areas.

Chalazion, although it is not a medical emergency, should still be treated to reduce discomfort to the person. To learn how to treat chalazion and other eye-related injuries or conditions, enroll in First Aid Courses.

Courses for Parents and Babysitters in Caring for Children

From time to time as parents, you need to leave your children in the care of a babysitter. This can be a difficult discussion to make, leaving the care of your child or children in the hands of a total stranger. You want to be sure that the babysitter really knows how to care for your child especially when the child is very young and may have medical issues such as  allergies or other health issues that require proper attention and care. This is where the workplace approved course for Babysitters comes in.

workplace approved Course
workplace approved Course

St Mark James Babysitter courses are getting more and more popular everyday. These courses have material for both parents and babysitters to learn. This course can put the parents mind at ease knowing that their babysitter has the skills to manage almost any emergency.

Concern for Parents

Entrusting the care of your child in the hands of a teenager even for a few hours might not sound as a good idea. I mean the teenager is still under the care of an adult right? Even though some of the care needed to babysit like playing with your child and having the best interest of your child at heart, is simply common sense but other things like if and when your child is choking, has a cut or a burn requires some skill and experience which the babysitter might not have without taking a workplace approved course for Babysitting.

Thus apart from knowing that you have hired a babysitter who is responsible and has the best interested of your child at hand, it best to know that that the sitter will know how to respond to emergency medical care of your child apart from just calling 911.

Benefits for Babysitters

The workplace approved Course for Babysitter is usually for student from the age of 11. Generally, the course offers basic parental and emergency medical care for younger children. They are taught how to care for children and infants, how to play with children, dress then and feed them. They are taught which types of tools to play with to avoid accidents and how to avoid accidents generally.

Basic First Aid is probably the most important aspect taught in the course. They learn how to respond to emergency medical attention to a child or infant who is choking, who stops breathing or whose heart stops beating, and more. They also learn how to respond to emergency medical attention to a child or infant who has a cut, a burn, injury, illnesses and household accidents.

The workplace approved Course for Babysitter does not only train its student how to care for a child and First Aid, it also teaches the student to be discipline, how to make good decisions, how to be a good leader, a good role model and good problem solver. These skills will be definitely beneficial to the babysitter’s personal life aside from been a babysitter.

Choosing the Right Certification Courses

These days, some jobs would require that you have a CPR certification. But with several certification courses being offered today, and by different institutions like the American Heart Association or American workplace approved, it’s understandable why some are frustrated and wary when it comes to choosing what CPR certification class to take. Taking into consideration the following questions will make your search easier.

Which kind of CPR certification do I need – the standard or healthcare provider one?

The kind of certification you need would depend on what profession you’re in. Most would just go for the standard CPR certification, which is also known as CPR for the layperson (level “C”). This is usually recommended for babysitters, camp counsellors, coaches, daycare employees, nursing home employees, personal trainers, school bus drivers and teachers.

Those in the healthcare profession are required to study take a more advanced CPR class. Healthcare provider CPR certifications are necessary for dentists and dental assistants, EMTs, firefighters, nurses and nursing assistants, respiratory therapists, paramedics, physical therapists, police officers and occupational therapists.

Should I get an AED certification too?

Check with your employer if it’s a requirement for you to have AED certification. Almost all CPR classes discuss AED or Automated External Defibrillator in passing and also give out materials on them.  Being certified on it will depend on your profession.

Do I need a CPR certification that focuses on infants and children?

As with AED, specializing on infants and child CPR would depend on either your job or your preference. Teachers, daycare workers and foster parents would need to get this certification. But parents can also decide to get this on their own so they’ll know what to do during emergencies.

Should I choose the American Heart Association or another Workplace Approved Provider?

While there are numerous organizations where you can get CPR certified, the American workplace approved and the American Heart Association are two of the most popular. Ask your employer which of the two institutions are preferred.

The American Heart Association has two popular CPR courses, the Heartsaver CPR AED and Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers. The former teaches adult, infant and child CPR and AED while the latter is geared towards healthcare professionals.

On the other hand, the American workplace approved offers classes that are broken down into categories – adult, infant, child and AED. Infant and child CPR courses are taught as a single class and Adult CPR as another class. But classes where all three categories are taught together are also offered.

The workplace approved healthcare provider course is known as “CPR for the Professional Rescuer”. However, some healthcare employers don’t accept certifications from this course so it’s best to coordinate with your employer. You should also double check what the classes will be covering
before you sign up.

There are CPR classes being offered on the Internet which only cost around $20 or so. But most companies don’t accept certifications from online-only courses as CPR skills should be taught in a classroom set-up where the student can get hands-on practice.

Regulation 1101 First Aid Room Requirements

A first aid room is defined as a room in an establishment (e.g. a school, factory, sports venue or airport) to which someone who is injured or taken ill on the premises can be taken for first aid and to await the arrival of professional emergency medical services. A first aid station or first aid post is a manned first aid room – especially a temporary one at a large gathering of people or an emergency incident. In other countries, a first aid room is required in some chemical factories, construction sites, and premises at a distance from medical services. In some cases the room may be used for other purposes when not required for first aid. But if possible, the room should be reserved specifically for providing first aid and a designated person (first-aider or appointed person) should be given responsibility for supervising it. The room should be easily accessible to stretchers and be clearly signposted and identified.

Based on Regulation 1101, the first aid room in every workplace must have certain materials and equipment for it to be functional. Ideally, every employer employing 200 or more workers in any one shift at a place of employment shall provide and maintain a first aid room equipped with the following: a current edition of a standard St. John Ambulance First Aid Manual; instruments consisting of dressing scissors, dressing forceps, safety pins, graduated medicine glass, tongue depressors, and cotton-tipped applicators; denatured ethyl alcohol; and dressings consisting of individually wrapped adhesive dressings, individually wrapped sterile gauze pads of assorted sizes, gauze bandages of assorted sizes, adhesive plaster, absorbent cotton, triangular bandages, splints of assorted sizes, and splint padding. The first aid room must have furnishings consisting of three washbasins of hot and cold running water (preferably stainless steel), one instrument sterilizer, one cabinet for surgical dressings, one enamel foot bath, one sanitary disposal receptacle with lid, one first aid box containing as a minimum the items required in the first aid kit (for use by the attendant at the scene of an accident before the patient is moved to the first aid room or general hospital), one couch curtained off or in a separate cubicle, one stretcher, and two blankets.

Secondly, the employer shall ensure that the first aid room is in the charge of a registered nurse or a worker who is the holder of a valid St. John Ambulance Standard or someone who has a First Aid Certification or any of its equivalent. He/ she must work in the immediate vicinity of the first aid room and does not perform other work of a nature that is likely to affect adversely his or her ability to administer first aid. The certificate mentioned above shall be prominently displayed in the first aid room.

The materials mentioned above are the first aid requirements of the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board, also known as WSIB. It contains the law, specifically the Regulation 1101, and the policy on first aid. These requirements are based upon on ideal settings and may depend on the size of both the physical and manual aspect of the workplace.


Brochure on First Aid Requirements Regulation 1101

Differing Types of First Aid Training

When you complete first-aid training, with guidance from First Aid Emergency, you are going to obtain the capabilities and self-esteem to cope with a number of serious and non-serious emergencies. How would you react if somebody was having trouble breathing and couldn’t catch their breath? Will you be able to identify an individual who is choking and realize of how to handle it? Imagine if you noticed someone you love lying unconscious and incapacitated when you come home from work? Would you know the right steps to take? Imagine your good friend suddenly struggled communicating and lost her / his sense of balance? Do you know how to react and when to call 9-1-1? Individuals that receive first-aid schooling will learn to answer each of the above mentioned scenarios and greatly enhance the patient’s chance of surviving. By taking emergency first aid training through credible providers that offer classroom based and hands on training courses candidates will cover these particular subjects and skillsets. At our locations page your can check out the providers of emergency first aid courses in Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Regina, Ottawa, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Surrey and Kelowna.

If an individual was unresponsive and laying on the floor men and women trained in emergency first-aid would know the fundamental CPR and AED procedures and techniques to aid the patient. Victim identification and cardiopulmonary resuscitation are simple skills included in any 1st aid program which is compulsory with emergency first aid. All of the credible 1st aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation providers train individuals with the newest specifications and techniques in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

If somebody was struggling with breathing would you know the necessary steps to take? General first-aid training educates participants with the relevant skills to manage men and women with respiratory system problems. Most of these emergencies consist of, but are not limited to, asthma, allergic attacks and breathlessness. Students will be taught to spot these scenarios and deal with each of them effectively. Students will also learn how to figure out which scenarios merit contact with 9-1-1.

Students enrolled in standard first aid will learn how to respond to individuals fighting with circulatory problems. Most of these crisis situations consist of victims suffering from chest area aches and pains, breathlessness, prickling, reduction of extremity function, trouble speaking, reduction in balance and vision. Enrollees will learn how to spot and deal with affected individuals with all of these signs that happen to be present with circulatory problems that include cardiac arrest, angina and transient ischemic attacks (TIA).

Almost all first aid classes focus on repeated practical training using manikins. People in the course may also display and practice skills and saving strategies with practise situations utilizing other students in the course. A lot of the training course will handle the skills aspects of first aid and CPR.

Students that finish the course will receive a three year certificate which can assist in recruitment purposes, school and self-confidence. Certifications are current within Canada (not internationally accredited). Many Canadian states present young people with graduating high school credits once providing a standard first aid certificate. Programmes range from four hrs to twenty hours so make sure to verify which course satisfies your needs or objectives. Any kind of first-aid lesson will teach you the essentials for crisis rescues and uncontrolled medical emergency situations.