When it comes to determining the required number of employees who have undergone emergency first aid training, business owners or employers should take note of any nearby healthcare facilities such as hospitals and clinics. This is because offices and other workplace environment that are too far from these facilities should comply to more rigorous requirements than establishments that are less than 20 minutes away from one. Here are some of the regulations that offices that are inaccessible to healthcare facilities should follow when it comes to emergency first aid training.
Number of employees trained in first aid
The most followed regulation among all provinces and territories is that offices or other workplace environment that are far from healthcare facilities should have more number of employees who have received first aid training. This is the rule that is followed in Northwestern Territories and Nunavut in which offices and business establishments that are more than 20 minutes away from the nearest healthcare facility should have at least one trained employee for every nine employees. If there are more than 75 employees in the area, there should be one more trained employee for every increment of five employees.
Number of first aid kits
The types of first aid kits that businesses should have also depends on the distance between the establishment and the nearest healthcare facility as well as the number of employees. The general rule is that establishments that are farther away from healthcare facilities should have more advanced healthcare or first aid kits. In British Columbia for example, low risk business establishments that are less than 20 minutes away from a healthcare facility and have more than 100 employees should have a Level 2 First Aid Kit. Meanwhile, establishments that are more than 20 minutes away from a healthcare facility and has more than 76 employees should have a Level 3 First Aid Kit.
There are certain industries that are required by the government to have the same number of trained employees and first aid kits regardless of their distance from a healthcare facility such as the construction and forestry industry. These industries are more hazardous than others which is why they require a relatively high number of trained employees and first aid kits on the worksite. This rule is applied regardless of the province or territory where these businesses are built. Rigorous emergency first aid training is also mandatory for these industries in which employees will learn about more advanced first aid techniques and first aid kid paraphernalia which they can use whenever accidents occur.
All medical professionals agree that undergoing emergency first aid training is one of the best ways to prevent hypothermia especially in cases wherein the victim cannot be brought to a capable healthcare facility immediately due to extreme weather conditions. However, some people choose to not sign up for this training because they think that the condition is not that common or severe. Here are some of the facts about hypothermia which highlight the importance of undergoing emergency first aid training.
How Lethal Is Hypothermia?
Even though it is not known as one of the most lethal and prevalent medical condition in the planet, hypothermia is still responsible for hundreds of deaths each year in the United States alone. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hypothermia is responsible for ending the lives of almost 17,000 people from 1991 to 2011. This means that hypothermia can be deadly when left untreated or when residents are unaware of the precautionary measures that can help prevent and treat this condition such as administering emergency first aid procedures when necessary.
Who is at Risk for Hypothermia?
During the second week of January 2014, it was reported by numerous news outlets that all 50 states in the US may experience extreme cold temperatures that can be as low as 21 degrees Fahrenheit due to the polar vortex. This puts all of its 313 million residents at risk for hypothermia. Aside from the US, Canada is also expected to experience extremely low temperatures due to the same cause. European residents are also at risk for Hypothermia, especially those who live in Finland, Iceland and Estonia.
How is Hypothermia Treated through First Aid?
Insulation is both a problem and a solution in hypothermia. Through first aid training, students can learn how to use insulation to save lives. Aside from making the victim lie on a warm surface, students would also be instructed to ensure that the victim does not come in contact with anything that is wet. They will also be taught how to properly administer warm and dry compress which can facilitate blood circulation and regulate body temperature. They will also be taught how to use several medical equipments that can raise the body temperature of the victim such as warm intravenous or IV fluids and cavity lavage. Most importantly, emergency first aid training will teach students how to remain calm during these situations.
Aside from calling the paramedics and reassuring or comforting the injured person, another important part in emergency first aid training that rescuers should never forget is to take down certain notes that can help the short and long-term treatment of the injured or affected victim. More often than not, these notes can increase the survivability of victims by helping other rescuers and more medically-trained personnel avoid giving contraindicated medications or administering medical interventions. It can also help medical professionals prescribe medications and develop a healthcare plan that are more suitable for the patient’s conditions instead of just guessing or shooting blanks. Here are some of the things that rescuers should take note of when rescuing injured or affected victims.
Medications and other poisons
For patients who are suspected of being poisoned or medicated, rescuers should take note of the names of the medications, food and other substances that are near the victim at the time of the rescue. When jotting down the medication, the most important thing that should be written clearly is the name. This helps paramedics avoid giving medications that may cause adverse reactions when combined with the medications that the patient have already taken. It also allows doctors to decide whether it would be more appropriate to administer charcoal or to perform a gastric lavage.
Rescuers and bystanders alike should take note of the license plate of the car that has caused the accident. In the absence of a police officer, rescuers should give this piece of information to the paramedics once they arrive. The name of the street where the accident occurred should also be written down for reference.
Initial assessment of the patient
To help the doctors differentiate the injuries that were brought upon before, during and after the accident, rescuers should try to identify or describe what the victim looked like before, during and after the rescue. These include any changes during the ride to the hospital and the administration of first aid techniques.
In case the patient is conscious…
Rescuers should ask vital information such as the cause of the accident as well as the name and address of the victim. Rescuers should also ask for the contact number of the victim and the person who should be contacted during emergency situations which involves the victim. Enrolling in a first aid class can teach ordinary people how to take down notes properly so that they can be of more use to paramedics and other healthcare professionals. They will also be taught how to handle these situations better.