A sprained foot is more frequent than fractures. Any slight injuries to the foot can result in a sprain. A sprain is damage to the joint when a tendon gets twisted or stretched too far. It is important to know the first aid procedure for a sprained foot and how to avoid the injury from getting worse.
What Is A Foot Sprain?
A foot sprain is a split or when the ligaments are stretch too far. There are three types of sprain injuries.
Type 1 is mild, and results in tiny tears or overstretching the ligaments.
Type 2 sprains occur when the tendons are partially torn, and the stretching is more severe than type 1.
Type 3 sprains are the most painful and take place when the ligaments are fully torn, and the foot can’t handle any pressure making it difficult to stand. Foot sprains usually occur in the mid-foot.
Foot Sprain Symptoms
Recognizing the symptoms of a foot sprain is usually easy to identify.
Frostbite takes place when the body’s soft tissue freezes.
It’s vital not to try to rewarm or apply treatment to the frostbite until completely sure that the soft tissue will not refreeze, but it’s best to warm up frostbitten tissue no more than 24 hours after the injury.
First Aid Procedures
It’s more important to make certain no one else is injured by the cold. Only help if you can do so carefully. Follow general precautions and wear safety equipment if you have it.
Move the casualty away from the cold. DO NOT try to soften frostbitten tissues if there is a chance they could freeze again.
Fill a shallow bowl with sufficient water to conceal the affected body part. The water should be around standard body temperature or a bit warmer.
Carry on refreshing the water in the bowl as it cools. Maintain the water at the same temperature as often as possible. It should take about 30 minutes to soften the frostbitten tissue this way.
Get the casualty medical support as soon as you can – even after the frostbite has been thawed.
DO NOT let softened tissue freeze again. The damage will be even more serious if the tissues freeze again.
NEVER scrub or massage the frostbitten tissue. Massaging frostbitten tissue will lead to more serious damage.
DO NOT use any heating equipment such as fires or stoves in order to treat frostbite. Casualty’s cannot sense the frostbitten tissue and can be burned easily.
Body heat can also be used to soften minor frostbite. For instance, place frostbitten fingers underneath the arm – your own body heat can be a lifesaver.
Dry mouth (also known as xerostomia) is a disorder that take place when the salivary glands in the mouth don’t function correctly.
It causes a dehydrated feeling within the mouth. Additional symptoms consist of a tongue which feels rough, sores within the mouth, and split lips.
Saliva is an essential part of the digestion procedure. It’s required to dampen and break down food and functions as a defense mechanism to assist your body in maintaining proper dental health.
Saliva shields the mouth against gum infection and decaying of the teeth. While not a severe medical disorder, dry mouth can be an indication of a bigger medical issue.
Causes Of A Dry Mouth
Several things can lead to dry mouth. If you smoke, you have a bigger chance of getting dry mouth. Some disorders such as diabetes can also decrease the amount of saliva. Medicines can also decrease the amount of saliva you produce. Other causes of dry mouth consist of:
There’s major swelling, throbbing, fever, blood loss, or open cuts.
The casualty heard a “popping” sound or is unable to walk, and there is no other way that they can securely and quickly be taken to a hospital.
Manage Inflammation and Avoid Further Damage With PRICE
Protect by using an elastic dressing, sling, or splint.
Rest the muscles for about 24 hours.
Ice right away, and continue to ice the area for 15 minutes each hour, for 3 days.
Compress by softly covering with an elastic dressing. (Don’t wrap forcefully.)
Elevate the injured region above the casualty’s heart level, if possible, for at least one day.
Control Pain and Swelling
Take an OTC pain medication like aspirin or ibuprofen. Do not offer aspirin to any person beneath the age of 18.
Lift and ice the region every 3 hours after the first 24 hours.
When to Phone a Doctor
Call a doctor if:
After 48 hours, the casualty can’t move or put any force on the affected region.
The injured region is cool, clammy or changes color.
There is irritation or lack of sensation.
There is recent or severe pain.
The casualty needs guidance on how to restart normal exercises.
Advice For Strained Muscles
The suggestion for muscle strains can be different. Depending on how severe your injury is, you may be instructed to keep your injured muscle immobile for the first few days. Your doctor might organize you a brace or splint, to keep it as still as possible.
The purpose of keeping the muscle still is to let it start healing, so you can shift it without damaging it again.
For the first 3 days after you have strained a muscle, you should keep away from harm. This means you should keep away from:
Heat– Like warm baths or saunas
Alcohol– Consuming alcohol will add to the bleeding and inflammation, and will result in slow healing.
Running– Any other type of exercise that could cause extra damage.
Massage– Might increase bleeding and inflammation.
Here are a few ways in which a good sleep can increase your health:
Sleep Increases Immunity
If you are prone to catch every flu and cold, your bedtime could be responsible.
Extended lack of sleep can interrupt your immune system, so you’re less likely to fight off infections and viruses.
Sleep Can Result In Weight Loss
Less sleep can make you weigh more! Research has shown that individuals who sleep less than 7 hours per day are 30% more prone to be overweight than those who get 9 hours of sleep.
It’s mainly because people who are sleep-deprived have lower levels of leptin, the biochemical that makes you feel full and greater levels of ghrelin, the hormone that increases hunger.
Mental Well-being Is Boosted By Sleep
Given that a single restless night can make you ill-tempered and glum the following day, it’s not startling that chronic sleep might result in long-term mood illnesses like depression and nervousness.
When individuals with depression or anxiety were surveyed to gauge their sleeping routines, it turned out that most of them had less than 6 hours sleep per night.
Diabetes Can Be Prevented With Sleep
Research has shown that individuals who generally sleep less than 6 hours a night have a bigger risk of getting diabetes.
Not getting enough sleep could lead to type 2 diabetes by altering the way the body responds to glucose.
Sleep Decrease Risk of Heart Disease
Long-lasting sleep deficiency seems to be connected with increased heart rate, a rise in blood pressure and greater levels of certain chemicals connected with inflammation, which might put extra pressure on your heart.
Sleep Increases Your Fertility
Trouble conceiving a baby has been established as one of the causes of sleep deprivation.
Actually, consistent sleep disruptions can harm fertility by decreasing the secretion of reproductive hormones.
Many people are already familiar with the traditional “First Aid,” in which medical help is given to individuals with different physical conditions – whether it is an illness, an injury or other emergency conditions – before they eventually consult for professional medical assistance. This kind of first aid, therefore, is all about providing care to the physical needs of an ill or infirm individual. But there are times when first aid is not just about giving physical medical assistance, because there are individuals who also need mental healthcare. Individuals who have mental problems need to get the necessary care they need just like those individuals who need CPR or wound care – this is where mental health first aid comes handy.
Why Mental Health First Aid Is Also Important?
Just like how we pay attention to the importance of health awareness, determining the needs of individuals with mental problems is also necessary. There are instances when we do not know if our loved ones or neighbors are already suffering from some form of mental health illness. Worse, they may not have any idea at all when it is necessary for them to turn for further mental health care. Signs and symptoms of mental health illness can be hard to detect, and even if the families of these people realize that something is wrong with them, they do not have enough knowledge how to intervene or send that person to necessary treatment.
These all boil down to one thing – people with mental illnesses do not receive prompt treatment until it is too late. As part of a large community, we should also have the necessary knowledge on how to identify the signs and symptoms of mental illness in order for these people to be directed to proper care sooner than later. By enrolling in a mental health first aid course, we can increase our chance to help others within the society, who are in need of mental health services.
Important Mental Health Conditions Addressed in the Course
Different mental health challenges are addressed in this 8-hour course. Some of the basic knowledge that can be derived includes teaching parents, teachers, neighbors, teenagers about lending a helping hand to people experiencing substance abuse problems and other minor mental health issues like depression.
The course also tackles important developmental challenges experienced by youths, adults and older adults, as well as how to help someone during a major life crisis. Finally, becoming aware of someone’s mood, behavior, and physical characteristics is one important concept of the mental health first aid, so it would be easier for the community to direct these people to proper treatment.