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Treating A Common Cold

Your Cough Carries On Or Changes

  • Coughs with colds are quite common. They are generally dry and carry on for a few days.
  • If your cough goes from dry to wet, you begin getting a fever or it carries on for more than two weeks, you must phone your GP.

Your Sore Throat Is Getting Worse

If your cough goes from dry to wet, you begin getting a fever or it carries on for more than two weeks, you must phone your GP.
If your cough goes from dry to wet, you begin getting a fever or it carries on for more than two weeks, you must phone your GP.
  • Sore throats are not uncommon with colds.
  • They are usually minor and are caused by an irritation in the esophagus.
  • But if your aching throat is very sore, it might be worth having it examined. Make certain you know when to visit your GP for a sore throat.

Your Congestion Is Getting Worse

  • Runny and congested noses are one of the revealing signs of a common cold, but it shouldn’t carry on for more than a week or two.
  • If it becomes very sore, phone your GP.
  • Know when to visit your GP for congestion.

You Have A Fever That Is Becoming Worse

  • Fevers are essentially not that common with colds but can take place fairly often in kids.
  • If you or your kid has a fever that doesn’t drop after taking fever treatments, phone your GP.
  • Fevers are hardly anything to be worried about and they are not dangerous, but your GP might want to assess what is causing it, besides the flu.
  • If your kid is beneath 3 months old and is experiencing a fever above 100.3 degrees F, seek medical assistance immediately.

A Headache That is Severe

  • Headaches are fairly common with colds.
  • They are often dismal and come on due to congestion.
  • Though, if you have an unexpected, serious headache or you also experiencing neck ache and pain, seek medical assistance right away.

Related Video On Colds

 

First Aid For Injuries To The Foot

Overview Of A Foot Sprain

A sprained foot is more frequent than fractures. Any slight injuries to the foot can result in a sprain. A sprain is damage to the joint when a tendon gets twisted or stretched too far. It is important to know the first aid procedure for a sprained foot and how to avoid the injury from getting worse.

What Is A Foot Sprain?

A foot sprain is a split or when the ligaments are stretch too far. There are three types of sprain injuries.

  • Type 1 is mild, and results in tiny tears or overstretching the ligaments.
  • Type 2 sprains occur when the tendons are partially torn, and the stretching is more severe than type 1.
  • Type 3 sprains are the most painful and take place when the ligaments are fully torn, and the foot can’t handle any pressure making it difficult to stand. Foot sprains usually occur in the mid-foot.

Foot Sprain Symptoms

A sprained foot is more widespread than fractures and breaks. Any slight injuries to the foot can result in a sprain.
A sprained foot is more widespread than fractures and breaks. Any slight injuries to the foot can result in a sprain.

Recognizing the symptoms of a foot sprain is usually easy to identify.

  • Your mid-foot region will be inflamed which will result in a sprain.
  • There might or might not be bruising to the affected region.
  • With more extreme sprains, you might not be able to move your foot or place any force on it.
  • If the sprain happens to the toe region, the bottom of your big toe will be tender, inflamed, and probably bruised.

How Is A Foot Sprain Treated?

  • Rest is the best way to deal with mild foot sprains, especially by elevating the foot, applying ice to decrease inflammation, and a dressing.
  • OTC medication can assist with the pain.
  • Severe sprains, like the ones that sports people and dancers often get, might require complete rest till the pain and inflammation subsides.
  • A cast can be positioned on the foot for quicker treatment for those whose work depends on their feet.
  • Moderate physiotherapy methods and stretches can also be used once the foot starts to heal properly.
  • Sprains in the toe region might need a splint to keep the toe straight as it starts to heal.
  • It can take weeks and even months for a sprain to heal, which depends on how severe the damage was.

 Related Video On Foot Sprains

First Aid Treatment For A Frostbite

Overview Of Frostbites

  • Frostbite takes place when the body’s soft tissue freezes.
  • It’s vital not to try to rewarm or apply treatment to the frostbite until completely sure that the soft tissue will not refreeze, but it’s best to warm up frostbitten tissue no more than 24 hours after the injury.

First Aid Procedures

Frostbite takes place when the body's soft tissue freezes. It's vital not to try to rewarm or apply treatment to the frostbite until completely sure that the soft tissue will not refreeze, but it's best to warm up frostbitten tissue no more than 24 hours after the injury.
Frostbite takes place when the body’s soft tissue freezes. It’s vital not to try to rewarm or apply treatment to the frostbite until completely sure that the soft tissue will not refreeze, but it’s best to warm up frostbitten tissue no more than 24 hours after the injury.
  1. It’s more important to make certain no one else is injured by the cold. Only help if you can do so carefully. Follow general precautions and wear safety equipment if you have it.
  2. Move the casualty away from the cold. DO NOT try to soften frostbitten tissues if there is a chance they could freeze again.
  3. Fill a shallow bowl with sufficient water to conceal the affected body part. The water should be around standard body temperature or a bit warmer.
  4. Carry on refreshing the water in the bowl as it cools. Maintain the water at the same temperature as often as possible. It should take about 30 minutes to soften the frostbitten tissue this way.
  5. Get the casualty medical support as soon as you can – even after the frostbite has been thawed.

Guidelines

  1. DO NOT let softened tissue freeze again. The damage will be even more serious if the tissues freeze again.
  2. NEVER scrub or massage the frostbitten tissue. Massaging frostbitten tissue will lead to more serious damage.
  3. DO NOT use any heating equipment such as fires or stoves in order to treat frostbite. Casualty’s cannot sense the frostbitten tissue and can be burned easily.
  4. Body heat can also be used to soften minor frostbite. For instance, place frostbitten fingers underneath the arm – your own body heat can be a lifesaver.

 Related Video On Frostbite

How To Treat Xerostomia (Dry Mouth)

Overview Of A Dry Mouth

  • Dry mouth (also known as xerostomia) is a disorder that take place when the salivary glands in the mouth don’t function correctly.
  • It causes a dehydrated feeling within the mouth. Additional symptoms consist of a tongue which feels rough, sores within the mouth, and split lips.
  • Saliva is an essential part of the digestion procedure. It’s required to dampen and break down food and functions as a defense mechanism to assist your body in maintaining proper dental health.
  • Saliva shields the mouth against gum infection and decaying of the teeth.  While not a severe medical disorder, dry mouth can be an indication of a bigger medical issue.

Causes Of A Dry Mouth

Several things can lead to dry mouth. If you smoke, you have a bigger chance of getting dry mouth. Some disorders such as diabetes can also decrease the amount of saliva. Medicines can also decrease the amount of saliva you produce. Other causes of dry mouth consist of:

Dry mouth (also known as xerostomia) is a disorder that take place when the salivary glands in the mouth don’t function correctly.
Dry mouth (also known as xerostomia) is a disorder that take place when the salivary glands in the mouth don’t function correctly.
  • Anxiety;
  • Chemotherapy;
  • Autoimmune disorders;
  • Radiation therapy;
  • Appetite suppressants;
  • Botulism;
  • Tranquilizers; and

Treating Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is generally a short-term and curable condition. The treatment usually depends on what is causing the dry mouth. In most instances, it can be managed by applying the following:

  • Drinking lots of water;
  • Having some sugarless gum;
  • Avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine;
  • Staying away from salted or hot foods; and
  • Controlling your sugar consumption.

Related Video On Dry Mouth

Dealing With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – CFS

Plan Your Agenda Correctly

  • There are moments when you feel less exhausted and active like during the night or late afternoon.
  • Try to take note of your fluctuating energy levels throughout the day for a few days.
  • Once you take note of your daily undertakings and the times when you feel tired, all you need to do is to utilize your energy at the right time.
  • By doing this, you can schedule your day correctly and feel less strained at the end of the day.

Get Sufficient Sleep

Dealing With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Dealing With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • One of the main causes for excessive exhaustion is lack of sleep. It is vital to develop your sleep habits and get at least a 7-hour sleep every day to reduce your anxiety levels.
  • This will not only make you feel renewed and active at the beginning of the day but also stimulates your brain and keeps you fit.

Exercise Frequently

  • Partake in light and calm exercises like walking, swimming or stretching on a consistent basis to lower your anxiety level and feel more energetic.
  • It is good to begin a consistent exercise program as well as aerobic exercises and strength preparation as it offers several health benefits.

Implement Nutritional Changes

  • A nutritional and balanced regime is the key for excellent health and a natural way to combat exhaustion.
  • Your diet should contain a good quantity of milk, vegetables and fresh fruit.
  • Drink lots of water to keep you hydrated and try not to drink caffeinated drinks
  • Also limit yourself on the amount of junk foods you consume and eat about 6 small meals during the course of the day.

Psychotherapies For Treatment

  • One of the greatest and most useful psychotherapy for dealing with chronic fatigue disorder is by applying cognitive behavioural analysis.
  • This treatment preference not only relieves the anxiety related with the syndrome but also develops the physical condition of CFS patients.

Manage Your Anxiety

  • You can also do a pastime that makes you feel content like gardening, cooking or painting.
  • Other useful choices to lower anxiety and become stress-free are to do yoga or by means of meditating

Related Video On Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – CFS

 

Reducing Muscle Strain

Overview Of Muscle Strain

  • There’s major swelling, throbbing, fever, blood loss, or open cuts.
  • The casualty heard a “popping” sound or is unable to walk, and there is no other way that they can securely and quickly be taken to a hospital.
  1. Manage Inflammation and Avoid Further Damage With PRICE
  • Protect by using an elastic dressing, sling, or splint.
  • Rest the muscles for about 24 hours.
  • Ice right away, and continue to ice the area for 15 minutes each hour, for 3 days.
  • Compress by softly covering with an elastic dressing. (Don’t wrap forcefully.)
  • Elevate the injured region above the casualty’s heart level, if possible, for at least one day.
  1. Control Pain and Swelling
    The suggestion for muscle strains can be different. Depending on how severe your injury is, you may be instructed to keep your injured muscle immobile for the first few days.
    The suggestion for muscle strains can be different. Depending on how severe your injury is, you may be instructed to keep your injured muscle immobile for the first few days.
  • Take an OTC pain medication like aspirin or ibuprofen. Do not offer aspirin to any person beneath the age of 18.
  1. Follow-Up
  • Lift and ice the region every 3 hours after the first 24 hours.
  1. When to Phone a Doctor

Call a doctor if:

  • After 48 hours, the casualty can’t move or put any force on the affected region.
  • The injured region is cool, clammy or changes color.
  • There is irritation or lack of sensation.
  • There is recent or severe pain.
  • The casualty needs guidance on how to restart normal exercises.

Advice For Strained Muscles

The suggestion for muscle strains can be different. Depending on how severe your injury is, you may be instructed to keep your injured muscle immobile for the first few days. Your doctor might organize you a brace or splint, to keep it as still as possible.

The purpose of keeping the muscle still is to let it start healing, so you can shift it without damaging it again.

Avoiding Injury

For the first 3 days after you have strained a muscle, you should keep away from harm. This means you should keep away from:

  • Heat– Like warm baths or saunas
  • Alcohol– Consuming alcohol will add to the bleeding and inflammation, and will result in slow healing.
  • Running– Any other type of exercise that could cause extra damage.
  • Massage– Might increase bleeding and inflammation.

 Related Video On Muscle Strain

Ways Sleep can Improve your Health

Here are a few ways in which a good sleep can increase your health:

Sleep Increases Immunity

  • If you are prone to catch every flu and cold, your bedtime could be responsible.
    Extended lack of sleep can interrupt your immune system, so you’re less likely to fight off infections and viruses.
    Extended lack of sleep can interrupt your immune system, so you’re less likely to fight off infections and viruses.
  • Extended lack of sleep can interrupt your immune system, so you’re less likely to fight off infections and viruses.

Sleep Can Result In Weight Loss

  • Less sleep can make you weigh more! Research has shown that individuals who sleep less than 7 hours per day are 30% more prone to be overweight than those who get 9 hours of sleep.
  • It’s mainly because people who are sleep-deprived have lower levels of leptin, the biochemical that makes you feel full and greater levels of ghrelin, the hormone that increases hunger.

Mental Well-being Is Boosted By Sleep

  • Given that a single restless night can make you ill-tempered and glum the following day, it’s not startling that chronic sleep might result in long-term mood illnesses like depression and nervousness.
  • When individuals with depression or anxiety were surveyed to gauge their sleeping routines, it turned out that most of them had less than 6 hours sleep per night.

Diabetes Can Be Prevented With Sleep

  • Research has shown that individuals who generally sleep less than 6 hours a night have a bigger risk of getting diabetes.
  • Not getting enough sleep could lead to type 2 diabetes by altering the way the body responds to glucose.

Sleep Decrease Risk of Heart Disease

  • Long-lasting sleep deficiency seems to be connected with increased heart rate, a rise in blood pressure and greater levels of certain chemicals connected with inflammation, which might put extra pressure on your heart.

Sleep Increases Your Fertility

  • Trouble conceiving a baby has been established as one of the causes of sleep deprivation.
  • Actually, consistent sleep disruptions can harm fertility by decreasing the secretion of reproductive hormones.

Related Video On Sleep

Coping With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Plan Your Agenda Correctly

  • There are periods when you feel less exhausted and active like during the evening.
  • Try to keep a record of your varying energy levels during the next few days.
  • Once you keep an account of your everyday activities and the times when you feel exhausted, all you must to do is to use your energy at the correct place and at the correct time.
    One of the main causes for extreme exhaustion is lack of appropriate sleep.
    One of the main causes for extreme exhaustion is lack of appropriate sleep.
  • In this way, you can arrange your day correctly and feel less strained towards the end of the day.

Get Adequate Sleep

  • One of the main causes for extreme exhaustion is lack of appropriate sleep.
  • It is vital to develop your sleep habits and get at least 7 hours of sleep to minimize your anxiety levels.

Exercise Frequently

  • Take part in light and mild workouts like walking, stretching or swimming on a consistent basis to lower your anxiety level and so you can feel more energetic.
  • It is great to start a consistent workout regime including aerobic workouts and strength training as it offers several health benefits.

Implement Nutritional Changes

  • A healthy diet is the crucial factor for excellent health and a natural way to combat exhaustion.
  • Your diet should contain a proper amount of vegetables, fruits and milk.
  • Drink lots of water and try not to drink beverages that contain caffeine.
  • Also limit yourself from eating junk foods and consume about 6 small meals through the day.

Manage your Anxiety

  • There are several ways to cope with your anxiety levels like when you are at work you can take a short nap if you feel exhausted, or talk and interact with your co-workers.
  • You can also take up a pastime that makes you feel content like horticulture, cooking, drawing or painting.
  • Other great options to reduce stress and become calm is to do some yoga.

Related Video On Fatigue

Ways To Deal With A Hangover

Overview Of Hangovers

  • Hangovers are a recap of how much entertainment you had the night before.
  • Though, they are certainly not as much fun to cope with the following day.
  • A heavy head accompanied with some dizziness is enough to leave you laying in bed the entire day.
  • Alcohol dehydrates the body, leaving you feeling frail and exhausted.
  • The consumption of water, sports drinks, and fruit juices is vital to keep the body hydrated.
    Hangovers are a recap of how much entertainment you had the night before.
    Hangovers are a recap of how much entertainment you had the night before.
  • These drinks offer your body a fixed source of energy and they also have a cleansing effect.

Here are some methods in which you can manage a horrible hangover:

  • You might need your morning fix to wake you up. A mug of coffee or some tea has as a stimulating effect and which makes you more alert.
  • You could also choose some ginger tea to handle the queasiness and sickness.
  • Don’t submit to the enticement of fatty foods just because you are starving.
  • You shouldn’t indulge on food just to satisfy your hunger, particularly if you are already bilious.
  • Don’t eat junk foods, as these will stop the alcohol from being absorbed, therefore extending the side-effects unnecessarily.
  • Eat a bowl of fresh fruits to bring in nutrients, which are generally worn-out with the consumption of alcohol.
  • Consume some apples, bananas, kiwis and blend them with some yogurt for a delicious smoothie.
  • Some exercise will help! This said, take it easy if you are experiencing a severe headache.
  • Exercising will help alter your mood with the endorphins that are created as you perspire.
  • Get enough sleep. Alcohol does encourage tiredness, but the quality of sleep you get won’t be enough and you won’t feel rested from the previous night’s fun, so make certain that you get enough sleep.
  • Intoxicated fun might seem like fun, but the hangover that trails isn’t fun at all.
  • If you notice someone isn’t breathing, begin CPR.

 Related Video On Hangovers

The Basics Of Mental Health First Aid

Many people are already familiar with the traditional “First Aid,” in which medical help is given to individuals with different physical conditions – whether it is an illness, an injury or other emergency conditions – before they eventually consult for professional medical assistance.  This kind of first aid, therefore, is all about providing care to the physical needs of an ill or infirm individual. But there are times when first aid is not just about giving physical medical assistance, because there are individuals who also need mental healthcare. Individuals who have mental problems need to get the necessary care they need just like those individuals who need CPR or wound care – this is where mental health first aid comes handy.

Why Mental Health First Aid Is Also Important?

Just like how we pay attention to the importance of health awareness, determining the needs of individuals with mental problems is also necessary. There are instances when we do not know if our loved ones or neighbors are already suffering from some form of mental health illness. Worse, they may not have any idea at all when it is necessary for them to turn for further mental health care. Signs and symptoms of mental health illness can be hard to detect, and even if the families of these people realize that something is wrong with them, they do not have enough knowledge how to intervene or send that person to necessary treatment.

These all boil down to one thing – people with mental illnesses do not receive prompt treatment until it is too late. As part of a large community, we should also have the necessary knowledge on how to identify the signs and symptoms of mental illness in order for these people to be directed to proper care sooner than later. By enrolling in a mental health first aid course, we can increase our chance to help others within the society, who are in need of mental health services.

People with depression or other mental disabilities should also be given proper treatment.  Mental Health First Aid can help them.
People with depression or other mental disabilities should also be given proper treatment. Mental Health First Aid can help them.

Important Mental Health Conditions Addressed in the Course

Different mental health challenges are addressed in this 8-hour course. Some of the basic knowledge that can be derived includes teaching parents, teachers, neighbors, teenagers about lending a helping hand to people experiencing substance abuse problems and other minor mental health issues like depression.

The course also tackles important developmental challenges experienced by youths, adults and older adults, as well as how to help someone during a major life crisis. Finally, becoming aware of someone’s mood, behavior, and physical characteristics is one important concept of the mental health first aid, so it would be easier for the community to direct these people to proper treatment.

Related Video About Mental Health First Aid:

[youtube url=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ozmSRrV0Hjo” width=”220″]

Sources:

“Mental health first aid fills knowledge gap.” ABC Health & Wellbeing. Retrieved online on August 14, 2014 from http://www.abc.net.au/health/library/stories/2014/08/14/4066924.htm

“Mental health first aid.” MHFA Australia. Retrieved online on August 14, 2014 from https://mhfa.com.au/